The coronavirus, which was first detected in Wuhan, China, in December has found its way into more than 24 countries.
While many countries, especially those in Africa, are yet to report any confirmed case, there have been scares of the disease in Nigeria.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) have advised countries to heighten their health security surveillance to be able to quickly detect cases.
However, there might still be one or two missing cases which might go undetected and enter into the society.
To minimise the risk of contracting the disease, here is how to protect yourself and family from the coronavirus.
1. Wash your hands regularly with soap under running water
2. Cover your mouth and nose properly with a handkerchief or tissue paper when sneezing and/or coughing. You may also cough into your elbow if a handkerchief is not available.
3. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing
4. Avoid self-medication, report to the nearest health facility when you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms
5. Healthcare workers are always advised to observe standard infection prevention and control measures when attending to patients and take a travel history.
6. Cook food thoroughly before consumption. Scientists are claiming that animals are the primary host of the coronavirus. Due to this health official recommended cooking meat and animal products like eggs, milk, thoroughly before consumption.
7. Avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals when visiting markets in areas currently experiencing cases of novel coronavirus.
8. If you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share previous travel history with your healthcare provider.
There is no specific treatment for disease caused by the novel coronavirus yet. However, many of the symptoms can be treated. Therefore, treatment is based on the patient’s clinical condition. In addition, supportive care for infected persons can be highly effective.
However, symptoms include cough and breathing difficulties. From current evidence, it appears that death is a rare outcome, mostly in patients with underlying illness.